What does Palmach mean?
The Palmach (Hebrew: פלמ”ח, acronym for Plugot Maḥatz (Hebrew: פלוגות מחץ), “strike force”) was the elite fighting force of the Haganah, the underground army of the Yishuv (Jewish community) during the period of the British Mandate for Palestine.
The Palmach was established on 15 May 1941..
Was Israel a British colony?
The British controlled Palestine until Israel, in the years following the end of World War II, became an independent state in 1947.
Who blew up the King David Hotel?
IrgunOn July 22, 1946, Irgun blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 soldiers and civilians (British, Arab, and Jewish).
What did the Haganah do?
In addition to guarding Jewish communities, the role of the Haganah was to warn the residents of and repel attacks by Palestinian Arabs. In the period between 1920–1929, the Haganah lacked a strong central authority or coordination.
What does the Haganah emblem symbolize?
The olive branch wrapped sword was the symbol of the Haganah, the prestatal paramilitary force which was the IDF’s primary predecessor organization. The sword in the emblem symbolizes combat, while the olive branch symbolizes the yearning for peace.
What were Irgun and Haganah?
In addition to the Irgun’s sophisticated training program, many Irgun members were veterans of the Haganah (including the Palmach), the British Armed Forces, and Jewish partisan groups that had waged guerrilla warfare in Nazi-occupied Europe, thus bringing significant military training and combat experience into the …
When was the Haganah formed?
June 15, 1920Haganah/Founded
What does Yishuv mean?
Yishuv (Hebrew: ישוב, literally “settlement”), Ha-Yishuv (Hebrew: הישוב, the Yishuv), or Ha-Yishuv Ha-Ivri (Hebrew: הישוב העברי, the Hebrew Yishuv) is the body of Jewish residents in the Land of Israel (corresponding to the southern part of Ottoman Syria until 1918, OETA South 1917–1920, and Mandatory Palestine 1920 …